Importance of child psychology for teachers

child psychology for teachers


“A good teacher can inspire hope, ignite the imagination, and instill a love of learning.” - Brad Henry

Child Psychology is a subdivision of Psychology that mainly deals with the mental care and conditions of children until the age of 16.

A school is called a second home because, at school, teachers act like parents who mentor, facilitate and guide them to be responsible citizens.

A teacher needs to understand the child psychology to transform from a good teacher to an effective teacher. Every child is unique and needs a different technique to learn things. Different children have different IQ levels and a teacher cannot apply the same techniques to impart knowledge to all.

Understanding Child Psychology:

The teachers should know the child psychology to better understand the abilities of a child and channelize them in the right direction. Every single action performed by a child is an indicator of their current feelings and thoughts.

As teachers, if we can appropriately understand, comprehend and react to these, we will be much more successful in raising the children to be good human beings.

child psycology1

The child psychology helps not only to develop unique techniques that apply to every child but also gives special attention to those who have learning deficits like ADHD, autism, etc. A study of child psychology helps the teachers to identify the main reason of delay in mental growth of children.

The importance of understanding child psychology helps to

  • Judge development of children

child development

There are different kinds of developments in children, such as physical, psychological and socio-emotional development.

The physical developments refer to the motor skills that the pre-schoolers acquire during the early stage of development.

Cognitive development refers to the ability to absorb the knowledge imparted by the teachers. The IQ level differs from child to child and can be judged by their reasoning ability and the thought process taking place in the children. Socio-emotional development often refers to the ability of a child to socialize with his peers. In other words, it helps to judge the way he develops and expresses his feelings.

All these kinds of developments are interrelated and the wholesome development of a child includes an improvement in all these areas.

If there is a deficiency in socio-emotional development, it will have a direct impact on the other two factors of child development.

This is mainly because the socio-emotional development includes feelings such as fear, confidence, mutual attachment the child has for his teacher or his friends etc. A thorough study of a particular child will help a teacher to effectively communicate different ideas to him/her.

  • Fix Milestones

fix milestones

There are different milestones the children have to achieve during different stages of their life. This will come a great way to identify hidden problems that can pose a serious threat to the mental and physical improvement of a child.

For example, if a toddler who is 1 year old, can toddle but not walk properly, that doesn’t indicate any abnormality in the child.

But, if a 2.5-year-old baby can’t walk properly, it indicates a problem that needs medical attention.

Just like that, there are many milestones to judge the development of a child. These milestones indicate the language and motor skills of a child and also helps to judge the ability of a child to associate freely with others in a group. This helps in the early detection of developmental problems in children.

  • Early detection of behavioural problems

behavioural problems

Many things in a child’s life significantly affect their mental well-being. The reactions of teachers have a huge impact on the psyche of children as this mould their definitions of what is wrong and what is right, what is improved of and what is not. Almost

everything in a child’s brain is completely changeable and malleable, with the exception of gene-enforced traits. A healthy environment helps the child to grow better and behave better.

  • Identifying the child’s inability to socialize


The ability of a child to understand and recognize his or her own feelings and others feelings indicate the social development of a child.

Even as a child, he understands to express his feelings and contradict others. It also includes his ability to avoid frictions and deal with disagreements effectively. An effective teacher is able to understand the behavioural problems in children and deal with them effectively.

Bottom Line:

To be an effective teacher, one has to understand the psychology of a child. This includes understanding child’s aptitude and competence in accomplishing the given targets. A good teacher understands the differentiating factor of a child from other children and comes up with an effective teaching technique that helps every child to improve significantly. Failure in understanding this would result in the improvement of a handful of students leaving behind a majority of other children. This also helps the teachers to develop a learning tool that facilitates those children who are weak in studies also to excel in life.